Why Is Getting Approved For A Mortgage Important
Getting approval for your mortgage means that a lender has reviewed your financial situation and confirmed your ability to take on mortgage payments.
When you get a mortgage approval, your lender estimates how much you can afford to borrow, what your interest rate could be and how much your mortgage payments could be. You and your real estate agent can use this information to focus on homes you can afford.
A mortgage approval also proves to sellers that you can afford the home theyre selling. Without first securing approval from a lender, the seller might not trust your offer is genuine. Your offer might not be accepted and even if it is, offering to buy a home without lender approval can slow down your mortgage loan application.
Why You Can Trust Bankrate
Founded in 1976, Bankrate has a long track record of helping people make smart financial choices. Weve maintained this reputation for over four decades by demystifying the financial decision-making process and giving people confidence in which actions to take next.
Bankrate follows a strict editorial policy, so you can trust that were putting your interests first. All of our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts, who ensure everything we publish is objective, accurate and trustworthy.
Our mortgage reporters and editors focus on the points consumers care about most the latest rates, the best lenders, navigating the homebuying process, refinancing your mortgage and more so you can feel confident when you make decisions as a homebuyer and a homeowner.
Get Your Financial Paperwork In Order
You are under no obligation by getting pre-approved, but you want to be comfortable with the amount and terms of your pre-approved mortgage. That’s why it’s essential that you review all your personal expenses and have a good idea of your future expenses before you talk with a mortgage broker or lender about pre-approval. Learn more about knowing how much you can afford.
Also Check: Leasing Desk Screening
What Youll Learn: How A Prequalification Or Preapproval Might Affect Your Credit
EXPECTED READ TIME: 3 MINUTES
Homeowner has a nice ring to it, right? As you get closer to buying a home, there are a few steps you can take to help ensure you get a mortgage thats right for you, and ultimately, the home you want. Just remember, getting your credit checked is part of the process, and understanding what it encompasses will help as you pursue homeownership. Heres what you need to know about getting prequalified and preapproved for a mortgage and how a credit check can potentially affect your credit score.
What is prequalification vs. preapproval?
Getting prequalified and preapproved are two important steps in applying for a mortgage, but are you clear on what they mean? The difference in these terms usually lies in how your financial readiness is checked.
Your first step is prequalification, which means:
- Your lender has typically pulled your credit score and asked for, but not yet verified your income.
- You can inform a seller that your credit is good, and that if your income stands up to review, youll likely be qualified to purchase a home
- Youll be provided with an approximate amount of how much you may be able to borrow
Preapproval, your second step:
- Verifies not only your credit, but also your income and assets.
- Involves completing a mortgage application and requires a credit history check.
- Provides you with a specific loan amount you can borrow from your lender and potential interest rate figures
To learn more about PenFed mortgages:
Does Prequalification Affect Your Credit Score
Pre-qualification is not the same as pre-approval. With pre-qualification, the financier does not verify the numbers you provide regarding income, debts, etc. You can receive your response more quickly than with a pre-approval, but it is only an estimate of the amount you may qualify for. With pre-qualification, the financier typically runs only a soft inquiry, which does not impact your credit score.
You can apply for pre-qualification without a second thought about the impact on your credit. Just remember to complete the full pre-approval before you begin searching for a home.
Read Also: Speedy Cash Change Due Date
Can I Get Mortgage Pre
Its unlikely. Initial qualification without a full credit check may be possible with some lenders at that point, they may be interested simply in whether you have both the income to pay back a mortgage and no credit red flags. But to get full-scale pre-approval will likely require a credit check.
Its important to know how long pre-qualification and pre-approval will be in effect. Different lenders assign different times for which their letters of pre-qualification or pre-approval are good, from 30 to as many as 120 days.
Remember that multiple checks for credit history can negatively affect your credit rating, so you dont want to have them repeated often. For the same reason, you shouldnt apply for it until youre ready to start seriously home shopping. Many lenders and real estate agents can help you get a range of what you can afford in a general sense, so that you can avoid going through the pre-qualification or pre-approval process only to learn that theres nothing in your market that you can realistically afford or want.
Gather The Appropriate Documents
Lenders will want to verify your identity, credit history, employment history, income and financial assets to issue a preapproval. Theyll likely ask you to fill out a uniform residential loan application .
The 1003 application asks for your personal information, financial information and loan information, including
- Bank accounts, retirement and other accounts
- Any other assets you have
- Property you own
- Employer contact information
- Debts you owe or other liabilities
Your lender will also likely do a hard credit check, and may require additional documents based on your individual situation, such as pay stubs, tax returns or bank statements.
Read Also: Debt Recovery Solutions Verizon
Bmo Bank Of Montreal Mortgage Pre
You can apply for aBMO mortgage pre-approvalonline, in-person at a local branch, or through a mobile mortgage specialist. You will be asked to provide information on your liabilities, assets, valid ID, and employment. Your application will be reviewed and results are typically released to you in one to two days.
BMO locks your offered interest-rate and term for up to 130 days given that you meet the provided conditions. You are also allowed to get pre-approval from multiple lenders although each pre-approval may affect your credit score. If you are new to Canada, you may be able to apply depending on where you have lived, financial information, and how long you have stayed but you must visit your local branch or contact a mortgage specialist to confirm.
How Long Does Mortgage Pre
The wait for an answer depends on the lender. Some lenders advertise same-day approval, while others may take a few days or a week. Keep in mind that the terms pre-qualified and pre-approved may have different meanings among lenders and may be used largely interchangeably, so how long they take can also vary. Its important to make sure what the lender is actually doing: pre-qualification, or the deeper pre-approval.
Don’t Miss: Can Someone Check Your Credit Without Permission
Is It Possible To Call At An Auction With Home Loan Pre
Auctions happen to be perhaps additional fraught because of the aspects belonging to the deal. The bid processes is often unstable, and a collective hurry of blood flow may submit the house rates quite high. Until you adhere to your own guns, you can actually Massachusetts direct payday lender have to pay significantly more than it is possible to, or should. In addition, there is no cooling-off cycle, very after the hammer falls, they yours to afford.
In spite of mortgage pre-approval for a certain amount, absolutely an opportunity unconditional endorsement might be rejected for example, if the financial institution considers the property advantages is actually lowest.
Loan providers tends to be unwilling to treasure home before an auction the market at the time will be the sector at the time, in the end but will attempt to work alongside one within reasons. Very, it is advisable having complete extensive studies on the market as well land itself prior to raising the fingers. Both a B& P examination and an independent price may be valuable tips pre-auction, in order to go in with all ability as is possible.
- Exactly how much might be house most likely value?
- What exactly is the market price for a residential property of their qualities in your community? and
- Are there any potential structural problems with the property or house thatll affect the valuation?
Should I Apply For Multiple Conditional Or Pre
When looking for the right financial product and the interest rate the advice is always to shop around, but when you apply for home loan pre-approvals the opposite is true. Applying for multiple conditional or pre-approvals can have a negative impact on your credit score.
Research is still important, but it should be done well before you formally apply for a conditional approval. A conditional approval should not form part of your research and comparison, rather you should only apply for a home loan conditional or pre-approval once you have decided on a suitable lender.
You can also ask your lender to make recommendations before they make a credit enquiry. This will help you to decide on the best lender without affecting your credit score. A mortgage broker is also helpful when it comes to finding the right lender. They can assess your situation and give you an idea of your borrowing capacity with lenders without making formal enquiries.
Recommended Reading: Does Opensky Report To Credit Bureaus
You May Like: Raising Credit Score By 50 Points
Does The Interest Rate Depend On The Length Of Mortgage Pre
Yes. The length of time your offered interest rate is locked-in for after pre-approval plays a role in determining your interest rate. The longer the time, the more risky it is for the lender as they still have to offer you the lower rate even if their other rates increase. However, this is not the main factor that determines your interest rate: other important factors include your credit score, whether your documents are complete, and your financial situation. In general, if a lender deems you to be a risky borrower who may lack the ability to pay them back, your interest rate will be higher.
How Much Income Do I Need For A 200k Mortgage
A $200k mortgage with a 4.5% interest rate over 30 years and a $10k down-payment will require an annual income of $54,729 to qualify for the loan. You can calculate for even more variations in these parameters with our Mortgage Required Income Calculator.
How to Improve Your Credit Score
How to Build Your Credit History Fast
Also Check: Raise Credit Score 50 Points In 30 Days
When To Get A Pre
Mortgage pre-approval letters are typically valid for 60 to 90 days. Lenders put an expiration date on these letters because your finances and credit profile could change. When a pre-approval expires, youll have to fill out a new mortgage application and submit updated paperwork to get another one.
If youre just starting to think about buying a home and suspect that you might have some difficulty getting a mortgage, going through the pre-approval process can help you identify credit issuesand potentially give you time to address them.
Seeking pre-approval six months to one year in advance of a serious home search puts you in a stronger position to improve your overall credit profile. Youll also have more time to save money for a down payment and closing costs.
When you are ready to make offers, a seller often wants to see a mortgage pre-approval and, in some cases, proof of funds to show that youre a serious buyer. In many hot housing markets, sellers have an advantage because of intense buyer demand and a limited number of homes for sale they may be less likely to consider offers without pre-approval letters.
Prequalified Vs Preapproved For Your Mortgage: Whats The Difference
Both prequalification and preapproval provide borrowers with an estimation of how much home they can afford. However, a mortgage preapproval is a more official step that requires the lender to verify your financial information and credit history. Documents required for a preapproval may include pay stubs, tax returns and even your Social Security card.
This means a preapproval is a stronger sign of what you can afford and adds more credibility to your offer than a prequalification. This will also allow you to show sellers a preapproval letter to demonstrate that your financial information has been verified and you can afford a mortgage. However, check with your lender to be sure.
Read Also: Syncb/ppc Account
The Effects Of Soft And Hard Inquiries
Before applying for a pre-approved mortgage, you should keep track of the types of inquiries you make that could affect your credit score.
“Soft” inquiries happen when you apply for a pre-approved credit card, and the lender looks up your credit history. Other situations of soft inquiries include when your current credit card company reviews your existing account or when a collections agency checks your credit report. Soft inquiries do not affect your .
However, “hard” inquiries can be reviewed by lenders from credit card companies, as well. But hard inquiries are usually reserved for bigger loan amounts such as a car loan, line of credit, or mortgage. Hard inquiries do affect your credit score, but only if there are too many of them in a short period.
The key to reducing credit score impact is to avoid applying to too many lenders at once. Applying multiple times tells lenders that you are going through financial challenges and are desperate for a loan. Keep in mind that hard inquiries are removed from your credit report after two years.
The strategy is to apply to several lenders for pre-approval within a short time versus applying to a few of them every two to three months. When you apply for pre-approval to several lenders in a two-week period, they are all merged and counted as one hard inquiry.
Whats Changed With Credit Reporting
Since 12 March 2014, credit reporting agencies like Equifax have been collecting information from some credit providers about when an account is open and closed.
If an enquiry was made and an account opened, it shows that the application for your pre-approval proceeded.
If not, your pre-approval was declined.
Under the made to the Privacy Act 1988, lenders can now build a clearer picture of your character as a borrower.
So even though you made multiple enquiries for a pre-approval, some lenders may be satisfied to lend to you if you were approved for the enquiries.
It sounds great in theory but the problem is that not all lenders are providing this information to credit reporting agencies.
Banks still see multiple enquiries in a short period of time as a negative.
Also Check: Report A Death To Credit Bureaus
Explore Other Options With Your Lender
Some lenders offer pre-qualification assessment services without having to run a credit check. This can be a great way for you to have some idea where you are standing with your lender.
You also have to know whether your lender will do a full assessment pre-approval or a system generated pre-approval. System generated pre-approvals are quicker, and may require less information from you. They also tend to be less reliable than the full assessment pre-approval process.
Should I Negotiate The Final Mortgage Rate
If a lender agrees to loan you a mortgage, you are allowed to negotiate the terms and conditions which include the interest rate along with the amount and the term. You are more likely to be able to negotiate the rate if you have an excellent application that consists of a great credit score, a biggerdown-payment, lower monthly debt, or other things that may appeal to the lender. Many mortgage brokers are willing to buy-down the rate that they get from their lenders, giving you a discount on your interest rate. We suggest that you take the time to shop for rates offered by different lenders and decide what is best for you. Remember, the interest rate isn’t everything the other terms and conditions in a mortgage can make a big difference as well.
Recommended Reading: How Often Does Usaa Update Credit Score
Getting Prequalified Can Reduce Unpleasant Surprises
When used properly, prequalification is a helpful tool that can reduce your chances of being surprised by a credit card rejection or help you determine the odds of being approved for a loan.
Not only does a prequalification letter give you the information you need to decide whether youd like to proceed with a formal application for a loan or credit card, but it can also be submitted with a real estate offer to show buyers youre more likely to get the necessary funding to close on the property.
Obtaining prequalification is usually quick and painless, and most importantly, it wont affect your credit score.
Need help improving your credit score but not sure where to start? !
What Do I Do If I Cant Get Pre
It is possible that your lender will reject you for pre-approval or for the amount you want. Your credit score may be too low, your Debt to Income Ratio It may be too high or the lender may decide that your income is insufficient for the amount of mortgage you want.
If you end up getting rejected, talk to your lender about the specific steps you need to take to increase your chances of getting pre-approved, and start planning ways to improve your financial situation.
You May Like: How To Remove A Repossession From Your Credit Report