Understanding Your Credit Score
Your credit report is an essential part of getting your credit score, as it details your credit history. Any mistake on this document could lower your score. Its easy to check your credit score, and youre entitled to a free credit report from all three major credit reporting agencies once a year.;
Its good practice to stay on top of your credit score and check it often for any errors to ensure youre in the best possible position. From there, you can assess your options for a conventional or government-backed loan and, when youre ready, apply for a mortgage.
First Lets Talk About Credit Scores
Your credit score can range from 300 at the low end to 850 at the high end. A score of 740 or above is generally considered very good, but you dont need that score or above to buy a home. Credit scores are maintained by the national credit bureaus and include debt like credit cards, auto loans or student loans.
Your score is influenced by many factors, but the two biggest are whether you pay your bills on time and how much debt you owe. Having a credit score based on these factors gives lenders a quick way to see if youre likely to pay your future bills like your mortgage, for example.
How To Improve Your Credit Score Before You Buy A House
The first step to improving your score is to find out where you stand. During the coronavirus pandemic, you can check your credit report for free once every week with all three major credit bureaus at AnnualCreditReport.com.;
If you find errors on any of your reports, you can dispute them with the credit bureau as well as with the lender or credit card company. When it comes to your credit score, your bank or credit card issuer may provide your score for free. If not, you can also use a free credit score monitoring tool like or .
What can you do if you discover that your score needs improvement? One idea would be to pay down your credit card balances to reduce your credit utilization rate. Also, avoid applying for any new forms of credit during the months leading up to a mortgage application.;
And, most importantly, pay your bills on time each and every month. Your payment history is the factor that has the biggest influence on your credit score. Building a consistent history of on-time payments will always be a surefire way to improve your score.
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How Your Credit Score Affects Mortgage Rates
Your credit score plays a role in determining the interest rate and payment terms on a mortgage loan. That’s because lenders use what’s called a risk-based pricing model to determine loan terms.
The more likely you are to pay your bills on time, based on your credit history, the lower your interest rate may be. With a less-than-stellar credit score, however, you may end up paying more.
For example, let’s say you’re hoping to get a mortgage loan for $250,000 over 30 years. If you have great credit and qualify for a 4% interest rate, your monthly payment would be $1,371 , and you’d pay a total of $243,560 in interest over the life of the loan.
But if your credit needs some work and you qualify for a 5% interest rate instead, that increases your monthly payment to $1,446 and your total interest burden to $270,560a difference of $27,000.
Mortgage lenders don’t just look at your credit score when determining your rate, though. They’ll also consider your debt-to-income ratio how much of your gross monthly income goes toward debt paymentsas well as your down payment and available savings and investments.
So while it’s important to work on your credit score before you apply for a mortgage, avoid neglecting these other important areas of your financial situation.
Why This Is Important
Each lender has its own formula for determining where the cutoff point is in a credit score. As the experts will tell you, the better your credit rating, the more likely you are to get a low-interest rate and favorable terms when you apply for a mortgage. Someone with a credit score of 850 is very likely to find they will pay less per month than someone with a comparably priced home but a lower score of 680.;
Take steps to improve your credit score. Improving your score will help you thrive financially when you find the house of your dreams. If you are credit-ready, dont let the news of higher credit standards scare you from buying now. No one knows if, or when, lending standards will change again. These standards may be the new normal.;
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What Interest Rate Can I Get With My Credit Score
While a specific credit score doesnt guarantee a certain mortgage rate, credit scores have a fairly predictable overall effect on mortgage rates. First, lets assume that you meet the highest standards for all other criteria in your loan application. Youre putting down at least 20% of the home value, you have additional savings in case of an emergency and your income is at least three times your total payment. If all of that is true, heres how your interest rate might affect your credit score.
- Excellent Your credit score will have no impact on your interest rate. You will likely be offered the lowest rate available.
- Very good Your credit score may have a minimal impact on your interest rate. You could be offered interest rates 0.25% higher than the lowest available.
- Good Your credit score may have a small impact on your interest rate. This means rates up to .5% higher than the lowest available are possible.
- Moderate Your credit score will affect your interest rate. Be prepared for rates up to 1.5% higher than the lowest available.
- Poor Your credit score is going to seriously affect your interest rates. You may be hit with rates 2-4% higher than the lowest available.
- Very Poor This is trouble. If you are offered a mortgage, youll be paying some very high rates.
More from SmartAsset
Fannie Mae Homeready: Minimum Credit Score 620
Released in December 2015, HomeReady is a greatFannie Mae loan program for low- to moderate-income borrowers, with expandedeligibility for financing homes in low-income communities.
Unlike Freddies Home Possible program, you donthave to be a first-time homebuyer to qualify for HomeReady.
Alongwith its 3% minimum down payment requirement, this loan type has anotherattractive feature: Underwriting can include income from other people in yourhousehold, regardless of their credit history.
Ratherthan basing your debt-to-income ratio only on your monthly income and yourco-borrowers income, the DTI ratio can include the income of your roommates, adultchildren, or parents who happen to live with you.
Most lenders require a minimum credit score of 620 toqualify for HomeReady.
At A Glance: Additional Key Findings
|Among our members who recently bought a home, those living in West Coast cities tend to have;higher average VantageScore 3.0 credit scores, ranging from;704 in Stockton, California,;to;782 in San Francisco, California.|
|Among our members, the;average amount people owe;on a recently opened mortgage varies widely across states, from a low of;$126,321 in West Virginia;to a high of;$384,524 in Hawaii.|
|The;average age;of Credit Karma members who recently opened a mortgage ranges from;35;in Boston, Massachusetts, to;43;in Scottsdale, Arizona.;As a generation, millennials have the highest average mortgage balance at $216,382.|
Personal Loans With A 620 Credit Score
You might find it challenging to get approved for a personal loan with poor credit scores.
Given your current scores, you might not have the luxury of shopping for the best personal loans with the lowest interest rates. Instead, you may have to settle for a personal loan with a high interest rate not to mention other fees, such as an origination fee.
This could make a personal loan seem very unappealing to you, especially if your intention with the loan is to consolidate high-interest credit card debt. The APR on your personal loan could be just as high, if not higher, than the interest rate youre currently paying on your credit cards.
On the other hand, if your goal with a personal loan is to finance a major purchase, you should ask yourself whether its something you need right now. If it can wait until after you spend some time building credit, you may qualify for a personal loan with a lower APR and better terms later down the line.
If youre really in a pinch for cash and youre having a difficult time finding a personal loan you qualify for, you might be considering a payday loan. While everyones situation is unique, you should generally be wary of these short-term loans that come saddled with high fees and interest rates. They can quickly snowball into a cycle of debt thats even harder to climb out from.
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Can I Buy A House With A 700 Credit Score
A 700 credit score meets the minimum requirements for most mortgage lenders, so it’s possible to purchase a house when you’re in that range.
However, lenders look at more than just your credit score to determine your eligibility, so having a 700 credit score won’t guarantee approval. A credit score of 700 also might not qualify you for the best interest rate on your mortgage loan, you may still want to work on improving your credit scores to save on interest.
Here’s what you need to know about the credit requirements for a mortgage loan.
Finding The Right Mortgage
As we said, if your credit score is below your lenders standards, its possible that your first mortgage application wont be approved but, dont give up right away. If everyone with a score under 680 got rejected for mortgages, the population of homeowners in most cities would be sparse, to say the least. That being said, before applying for a mortgage with any lender, its best to improve your credit score as much as you can, since doing so will help you gain access to better interest rates.;
Remember, applying for a mortgage is the same as for any other credit product, in the sense that the lender will have to make a hard inquiry on your credit report, causing your score to drop a few points. So, when youre starting to get serious about buying a house, make sure to do some research in advance to find the best lender for your specific financial needs. Loans Canada can help match you with a third-party licenced mortgage specialist that meets your needs, regardless of your credit.
Note: Loans Canada does not arrange, underwrite or broker mortgages. We are a simple referral service.
Rating of 5/5 based on 87 votes.
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Buying A Home With A Low Credit Score
Just because you have a low credit score doesnt mean your doomed to never get a mortgage. There are a handful of low-credit lenders and federally-funded programs to help buyers with poor credit scores secure a loan. If you have a low credit score and plan on buying a home in the near future, the best advice is to start re-building your credit as soon as possible.
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What Else Do Lenders Look At When You Apply
As we mentioned, your credit score is not the only factor lenders examine before they approve or decline your application. They also want to see a favourable history of debt management on your part. This means that on top of your credit score, lenders are also going to pull a copy of your to examine your payment record. So, even if your credit score is above the 600 mark, if your lender sees that you have a history of debt and payment problems, it may raise some alarms and cause them to reconsider your level of creditworthiness.
;Other aspects that your lender might look at include, but arent limited to:
- Your income
- The amount youre planning to borrow
- Your current debts
- The amortization period
This is where the new stress-test will come into play for all potential borrowers. In order to qualify, youll need to prove to your lender that youll be able to afford your mortgage payments in the years to come.
Theyll also calculate your monthly housing costs, also known as your gross debt service ratio, which includes your:
- Potential mortgage payments
- Potential cost of heating and other utilities
- 50% of condominium fees
This will be followed by an examination of your overall debt load, also known as your total debt service ratio, which includes your:
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How To Improve Your Credit Score
So, its clear that a good credit score is one of the more important factors when trying to gain mortgage approval. Since its also a factor in calculating the interest rate youll be given, a favourable score can also save you thousands of dollars over the course of your amortization. Therefore, its best to get your credit score in the best shape you can manage before you apply with any lender. If your score is lower than 600-650, or you would simply like to improve it as much as possible, there are a few simple tricks you can use.
- Paying bills on time and in full
- Do not carry a large amount of unpaid debt
- Use no more than 30% of your available credit card limit
- Dont apply for too much new credit in a short amount of time
- Review a copy of your credit report for mistakes or signs of identity theft
- Consider a secured credit card if youre building from the ground up
Check Your Credit Score And Reports
Knowing where you stand is the first step to preparing your credit for a mortgage loan. You can check your credit score with Experian for free, and if it’s already in the 700s or higher, you may not need to make many changes before you apply for a preapproval.
But if your credit score is low enough that you risk getting approved with unfavorable terms or denied altogether, you’ll be better off waiting until you can make some improvements.
Whether or not your credit is ready for a mortgage, get a copy of your credit reports to check for potential problems or concerns. You can get a free copy of your credit report every 30 days from Experian or from each of the three national credit reporting agencies every 12 months at AnnualCreditReport.com.
Once you have your reports, read through them and watch for items you don’t recognize or are outright inaccurate or fraudulent. If you find any inaccuracies, you can dispute them with the credit reporting agencies. This process can take time, but it can also improve your score quickly if it results in a negative item being removed.
Credit Score Mortgage Rate: What Kind Of Rates Can You Get
A credit score of 640 will likely qualify you for a mortgage, but with a little improvement, you could get a better interest rate and save money on the loan.
Kim PorterUpdated March 16, 2021
Our goal is to give you the tools and confidence you need to improve your finances. Although we receive compensation from our partner lenders, whom we will always identify, all opinions are our own. Credible Operations, Inc. NMLS # 1681276, is referred to here as “Credible.”
Your credit score is one of the most important factors that goes into getting a mortgage.
Every mortgage program has its own minimum credit score requirements. Credit scores range from 300 to 850, but with a 640 credit score, youd meet the minimum requirements among the major mortgage programs.
There are, however, steps you can take to improve your credit score and potentially get better interest rates.
Heres what you need to know about credit scores of 640 or higher:
Can You Get A Mortgage With A Bad Credit Score
It’s possible to get approved for a mortgage with poor credit. But just because you can, it doesn’t necessarily mean you should. As previously discussed, even a small increase in your interest rate can cost you tens of thousands of dollars over the length of a mortgage loan.
If you’re planning on buying a home and you have bad credit, here are a few tips that can help you potentially score a decent interest rate:
- Consider applying for an FHA loan, which you can get with a credit score as low as 500though to get approved with a score below 580, you’ll need a 10% down payment.
- Make sure you have a large down payment, plus a good amount of cash reserves beyond that.
- Work on paying down other debts to reduce your DTI.
- Consider asking someone with good or exceptional credit to apply with you as a cosigner.
There’s no guarantee that these actions will help you qualify for a mortgage loan with good terms, but they can improve your odds.